Laparoscopy is called ‘Minimal Access Surgery, It is a way of doing surgery using small incisions (usually no more than I/2 cm long). It is performed using specialized equipment and requires special skill.
What surgical procedures can be done by laparoscopy?
- Ovarian cystectomy
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Family Planning
- Evaluation for Infertility
What happens during the procedure?
After giving general anesthesia, a small incision is made in the navel and 2-3 small incisions in the lower abdomen. During the procedure, the abdomen is filled with gas which allows pelvic organs to be seen more clearly. The camera attached to the laparoscope allows visualization of the pelvic organs on a screen. Instruments are inserted through small incisions into the abdomen to perform the surgery.
What are the benefits of laparoscopy?
As compared to open surgery. Laparoscopy is:
- Less bleeding
- Shorter hospital stay
- Shorter recovery time
- Superior precision
- Better cosmetic results
- Incisions heal faster
- Lower chance of infection
What are the risks associated with laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy can take longer, to perform than open surgery. Complications are uncommon, but they sometimes do occur, If due to technical difficulties laparoscopy is not feasible, then immediate opens might be necessary.
What problems can be diagnosed by laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy can be used to diagnose and treat causes of pelvic pain and infertility. It is also used to treat the following conditions:
- Ovarian Cyst
- Ectopic Pregnancy
How soon after laparoscopy can one resume regular activities?
After laparoscopy, one will be discharged after 48hrs. One can resume regular activities after 2 weeks and exercise after 4 weeks. Sexual activity can be resumed after 6 weeks.